A powerful Insecticide That brinjals Need
In India, it is one of the most common, popular and principal vegetable crops grown throughout the country except higher altitudes. It is a versatile crop adapted to different agro-climatic regions and can be grown throughout the year. It is a perennial but grown commercially as an annual crop. A number of cultivars are grown in India, consumer preference being dependent upon fruit colour, size and shape. India is second largest producer of Brinjal after China. In India major brinjal growing states are West Bengal, Orissa, Karnataka, Bihar, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. Due to its hardness, it can be successfully grown in dry area with low irrigation facilities. It is moderate source of Vitamins and minerals. It can grow throughout the year.
Soil and Field Preparation:
The brinjal can be grown in all types of soil varying from light sandy to heavy clay. Light soils are good for an early yield, while clay-loam and silt-loam are well suited for higher yield. Loam and sandy soil of normal and higher status are best suited for brinjal cultivation. The soil should fertile and well drained. Brinjal is very hardy crop and can be grown even in adverse conditions like in soil having high pH Brinjal has great adoptability.
Manure and Fertilizers
Brinjal is a heavy feeder crop. Therefore a balance application of manure and fertilizers is very important for important for successful crop production. Further the brinjal being a long duration crop requires a good amount of manure and fertilizers. Well rotten farmyard manure or compost (200-250 q/ha) should be incorporated at the time of field preparation. The crop should be supplemented with 100-120 kg nitrogen and 50-60 kg each of phosphorus and potash hybrid requires more amount of fertilizers.
The time of sowing of seed and transplanting of seedlings varies according to the agro-climatic regions. In the plants of Northern India, there are generally two sowing season’s vez, June to July for autumn crop and November for the spring- summer crop month of April. In South India, the brinjal can be grown round the year, the main sowing being done during July to August. In the hills, the seeds are sown in March to April and seedlings are transplanted in May.
KEY INSECT/PEST OF BRINJAL
Brinjal is attacked by a number of insect pests and nematodes during various stages of crop growth in most of the tropical countries including India. The extent of losses caused by these pests depends on season, variety, soil and other factors Some of the important ones are described below.
1 Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis):
Fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is the most destructive pest of brinjal. It is widely distributed in the Indian sub- continent and also in Thailand, Laos, South Africa, Congo and Malaysia.The damage by this insect starts soon after transplanting of the seedlings and continues till harvest of fruits. Eggs are laid singly on ventral surface of leaves, shoots, and flower-buds and occasionally on fruits. In young plants, appearance of wilted drooping shoots is the typical symptom of damage by this pest; these affected shoots ultimately wither and die away.
2 Brinjal Fruit Borer (Helicoverpa armigera)
The pest is polyphagous in nature. The full grown larvae are greenish with dark broken grey lines along the side of body. They measure about 35-45 mm long. The moth is large and brown with V-shaped speck and dull black border on the hind wings. The larvae are feed first on leaves and fruiting bodies and later on, they bore into the fruits, completely eating away the internal contents.
3 Aphids (Lipaphis erysimi)
The nymphs and adults are louse like and pale greenish in colour. This pest is very active from December to March when various cruciferous and vegetable crops are available in the fields. The damage is caused by nymphs and adults by sucking cell sap from leaves, stems, inflorescence or the developing plants. They are seen feeding in large numbers, often covering the entire surface. Owing to feeding on cell sap, the vitality of plants is greatly reduced. The leaves acquire a curly appearance.
HPM’s contribution in brinjal cultivation:
HPM Chemicals & fertilizers ltd. , one of the main agrochemical providers in the nation, plans to help agriculturists experiencing crop harms because of terrible climate or insects and pests. The company has a range of products that oblige farmers searching for better quality create . DON-3G (Carbofuran 3G) is a prominent insecticide that put a conclusion to insects and stops them.
DON-3G is a broad spectrum carbamate insecticide, nematicide and miticide having systemic action. It is used against a variety of insect, pests, nematodes and mites damaging various crops. It is very effective against leaf roller, shoot and stem borer, aphid, jassid, thrips, gall midge.It is also effective on hoppers in paddy, cotton, sugarcane, maize, millets, brinjal and others vegetables.