A Valuable Horticultural Crop
Watermelon is now widespread in all tropical and subtropical regions of the world and is mostly grown for fresh consumption of the juicy and sweet flesh of mature fruit. It is one of the most popularly grown fruit vegetables in the country today during summer. Watermelon is an important fruit crop. It is a newly introduced cash crop gaining a high level of economic importance in the generation of income and provision of nutritional value. Watermelon flesh contains high quantity of vitamins, minerals and other antioxidant compounds which play important role in human metabolism. Antioxidant components help in preventing human disease by acting as oxygen radical scavenger. Watermelon rind and seed also have many health benefits due to the presence of important amino acids citrulline, fibres, minerals and phenolic compounds.
Watermelon grows well in deep fertile and well-drained soil. It gives best result when grown on sandy or sandy loam soil. Soil having poor drainage capacity is not suited for watermelon cultivation. Follow crop rotation as continuous growing of same crop on same field leads loss of nutrients, poor yield and more disease attack. pH of soil should be in between 6-7. Plough land and bring to fine tilth. In North India, sowing is done February – March month. In North east and west India sowing is done during November to January. Watermelon can be direct seeded or transplant in nursery and then transplanted to main field. Watermelon not only tolerates hot weather but for best growth requires more heat than any other vegetables. Watermelon seeds germinate well and plants thrive at 25°C – 30°C. Fruits mature best at 30°C. Watermelon requires dry weather and plenty of sunshine. Continuous rain or cloudy will not only stunt the plant growth but also reduce the flowering and fruit setting. If watermelons mature in rainy season, the sugar content will be greatly reduced.
Watermelon is one fruit that has been the focus of intensive research in recent times, even as more of its health benefits are being unravelled by the day. Belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family, the watermelon is related to other fruits like cucumber, pumpkin, squash and cantaloupe. It’s no surprise at all that the watermelon is so called, given its amazing 92% water composition which makes it extremely juicy and refreshing especially in a hot weather. Interestingly, every part of the watermelon is nutrient-rich from the thick greenish outer rind to the red or pink inner flesh. Furthermore, the watermelon is a very rich source of important nutrients ranging from vitamins and minerals to important antioxidants, hence the numerous health benefits that this amazing fruit offers. Moreover, researches have revealed that the watermelon is more nutritious when it becomes fully ripe. For instance, the lycopene content of a watermelon becomes richer and more concentrated as the flesh turns from white-pink to pink and finally to red. Consequently, a ripe watermelon offers more benefits.
Watermelon is most important commercial crop and HPM’s 24 Karat makes the crop more important and profitable. 24 Karat is unique combination of Sea weed extracts and GA. GA acts synergistically with plant metabolism and accelerates the growth functions of the plant. It also improves the physiological efficiency of the crop by stimulating the hormonal and enzymatic activities and increases the yield and quantity of the crop produce. It mobilizes reserves in seed to germinating point leading to breaking of seed dormancy and faster germination. It stimulates cell division and elongation that causes internodes to stretch leading to better growth of the plant.
HPM is a highly focused research-driven agrochemical company. Every day HPM touches thousand of lives. At HPM, we want make agriculture better for farmers and families. In future we will do more than treat agricultural problems—we will aim to make a remarkable impact on farmer’s lives. Our life’s work is to improve agriculture, and we pledge to do so in a transparent and sustainable way. We are looking forward to devlope cost effective pest management remedies for farmers, we aim to teach them in a way to compete with world class farmers and reap greater profit irrespective of unfavorable weather conditions. HPM will always ready for taking the toughest farming challenges.