An economically essential crop
Cluster bean is an annual legume crop and one of the famous vegetable, popularly known as “Guar” in India. Cluster bean is cultivated for its green vegetables and dry pods, & as a forage crop and also cultivated for Green manure because guar planting increase subsequent crop yields, as this legume crop conserves soil nutrients. It is grown in all parts of India. In the world major production comes from India only, Pakistan also produces good quantity guar seed. In India Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Gujarat are the major producing stage. Punjab also contributes good production. The very famous guar gum used in mining, petroleum drilling & textile manufacturing, is obtained from the endosperm of the guar seed.
Economically Important Crop:
Guar is commercially cultivated for its seed which contains uniquely large endosperm. Guar gum is the main product of endosperm and contains galactomannan, which forms a viscous gel in cold water. Gum recovery is about 29% of seed weight. It is used in a number of industrial applications such as oil well drilling, paper, explosives, mining etc., Highly refined guar gum is used as a stiffener in foods like ice cream, a stabilizer for cheeses, instant puddings and whipped cream substitutes. Churi and Korma are bi-products contain 35% of protein and can be used as feed. India is the major exporter of guargum to the world; it exports various forms of Guar products to a large number of countries. The country has exported 4,23,285.66 MT of guargum to the world for the worth of Rs. 3,131.74 crores / 467.9 USD Millions during the year 2016-17.
Climate and Soil :
The developing period of guar is 14 – four months and requires sensibly warm climate and direct glimmering precipitation with a lot of daylight. A lot of rain can make the plant turn out to be more ‘verdant’ in this way diminishing the quantity of cases or the quantity of seeds per unit which influences the size and yield of seeds. The product is by and large sown after the rainstorm precipitation in the second 50% of July to early August and is reaped in late October early November. The Guar is a normally rain bolstered edit. Contingent upon the storm precipitation the aggregate size of Guar edit differs from year to year.
Agrochemicals that enhance the cultivation of guar :
HPM Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd. , one of the principle agrochemical suppliers in the country, plans to help agriculturists encountering crop hurts due to frightful atmosphere or creepy crawlies and irritations. The organization has a scope of items that oblige agriculturists scanning for better quality production .
Insecticides : 7 star, Hinthora, X-pert and Acetox are used after 60 days of sowing these products are highly effective and economical against a wide range of insect tests.
Fungicides : Batista, Stuff & Bond are used after 90 days of sowing these products effective against many diseases complexes on large number of crops.
Herbicides : Cheetah, Gadar and Gadar max are used after 30 days of sowing these products are selective pre-emergent & pre plant incorporation Herbicide. These are used to control most annual grasses and some broad-leaved weeds.
Plant Growth Regulator :
24 Karat is used after 60 Days of sowing . It improves the physiological efficiency of the crop by stimulating the hormonal and enzymatic activities and increases the yield and quantity of the crop produce.
Aasra is used after 90 days of sowing . Aasra is a unique new generation worldwide spray booster and activator which make the agrochemicals such as Insecticide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Fertilizer and Micronutrient perform better.
Bio- Fertilizers :
Its mycelial threads penetrate inward into the root, thereby increasing the surface area for absorption and translocation of essential plant nutrients including Phosphorus, Nitrogen, Sulphur, Calcium, Zinc and copper.
HPM chemicals and manures ltd. is satisfactorily associated with guideline drives concerning spreading care about updated and better developing sharpens. We methodicallly give guidance and workshops to agriculturists and ranchers to how and when to utilize these products.