Benefits Of The Crop Rotation
Crop rotation is one of the oldest and most effective cultural control strategy. It means the planned order of specific crops planted on the same field, it also means that the succeeding crop belongs to different family than the previous crop. Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons. Crop rotation gives various nutrients to the soil. A traditional element of crop rotation is the replenishment of nitrogen through the use of green manure in sequence with cereals and other crops. Crop rotation also mitigates the build-up of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one species is continuously cropped, and can also improve soil structure and fertility by alternating deep-rooted and shallow-rooted plants.
When a single crop is grown in one field for many years in a row, the crop will cause the depletion of particular nutrients from the soil. This depletion of nutrients leads to poor plant health and lower crop yield. The land itself can become “tired” and less fertile. This is because the same type of crop planted repeatedly in the same area keeps draining the land of the same nutrients needed for that plant’s growth. Second, certain pests can reach levels that are hard to control when they learn to make a home near a field that always has the same type of crop. Finally, land can be more susceptible to the forces of erosion if the same type of crop is planted repeatedly season after season.
Crop rotation helps mitigate each of these effects. Different types of plants require different types of nutrients from the soil. Changing crops routinely allows the land to remain fertil. With crop rotation, particular nutrients are replenished depending on the crops that are planted. For example, a simple rotation between a heavy nitrogen using plant (e.g., corn) and a nitrogen depositing plant (e.g., soybeans) can help maintain a healthy balance of nutrients in the soil. Crop rotation also prevents plant diseases and pests by exchanging crops that may be susceptible to a particular disease or pest with a crop that is not susceptible. For example, although corn is affected by corn rootworms, soybeans are not. The soybeans help suppress the pest so that the corn planted the following year will not be as adversely affected by it
Environmental benefits of the crop rotation :
The implementation of crop rotation cut the nitrogen fertilizer use and drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The global warming potential of nitrous oxide is higher than that of carbon dioxide. Reduced synthetic fertilizer also means reduced greenhouse gas emissions from manufacture and transportation. It also reduces the number of synthetic fertilizers and that’s why the water pollution caused by nitrogen will also cut. The rotations with a high share of crops and lesser dependence on pesticides bring down the use of pesticides as well as runoff into groundwater. Crop rotation has many environmental benefits and is being widely taking in the new agriculture methods. In spite of these, crop rotation benefits the sustainability and productivity of the farm. Also, this system enhances soil fertility by promoting the growth of various soil organisms and offer a climate friendly source of energy.
You talk to any farmer across the nation, and most will agree the importance and benefit to crop rotation. Crop rotation plays an important function in farming. Utilizing a crop rotation can help keep pests and diseases under control, help to maintain soil quality, and ensure enough nutrients are available to different crops each year.
HPM Chemical & Fertilizers Ltd. , is a Farmers-focused, innovation-driven global Agrochemical company , aspiring to bring better agrochemical products and a brighter future for farmers worldwide. HPM works every day and night to make agriculture better by manufacturing and making most valuable agrochemicals that help farmers to make their farming little better. We manufacture innovative products and solutions that improve farming quality. HPM not only gives the better agrochemical products , also effectively associated with education drives with regards to spreading awareness about crop rotation , enhanced and better farming practices. HPM offers outright counsel and workshops to farmers on how and when to utilize agrochemicals. Our special field management team are striving to bring best farming solution breakthroughs to farmers worldwide.