Complete cognizance of mustard cultivation
Mustard prominently utilized as a part of Indian cooking. India is number one underway of mustard. Mustard gives consumable oil which is utilized as cooking In India. Mustard seed is utilized as fixing in the readiness of vegetable and curries in India. Split mustard seed and oil is utilized for pickling. The methi leaves of the youthful plants are utilized as vegetable. It can be utilized as oil cake to bolster cows. Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar-Pradesh, West Bengal, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Assam are real mustard seeds delivering states in India.
Climatic requirements for Mustard Farming:-
Mustard is grown in subtropical atmosphere. Mustard flourishes well in dry and cool atmosphere, in this way mustard for the most part developed as Rabi season edit. Mustard trim requires the temperatures between 10°C to 25°C.Mustard product is developed in the territories accepting 625 – 1000 mm yearly precipitation. This product does not endure ice, to it requires clear sky with ice free conditions.
Soil Requirements for Mustard Farming:-
Mustard can be grown in wide varieties of soils that ranges from light to heavy loamy soils. Medium to deep soils with good drainage is best suitable for mustard cultivation. Soil ideal pH range for Mustard is 6.0 to 7.5.Make sure to carry out a soil test to find out the soil properties like soil type, strength and nutritious levels. Mustard is grown under a wide range of soilconditions varying from sandy loam to clayloam soils but thrives best on light loam soils.
Seed Treatment in Mustard Farming:-
Seeds should be treated with Carbofuran at 3 grams per kg of mustard seed to protect the plants from seed diseases. Seeds should be sown by drilling method or if this crop as mixed crop, seeds should be sown by broadcasting or drilling method.Mix the seeds with fine sand for uniform spacing. For better germination, seeds should be sown maximum of 6 cm depth in the soil. Make sure there is enough moisture present in the soil when seeds are sown.
Mustard Nutrition Facts
The mustard plant brings an entire gamut of helpful constituents through its various edible parts. Seeds of its plant are a rich source of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorous and potassium. Along with this, it is a good source of dietary folate and vitamin A. Mustard greens or leaves of mustard plants are an excellent source of essential minerals including potassium, calcium and phosphorous. It is also a good source of magnesium and dietary fiber. The immense wealth of vitamin content offered by mustard green includes a profuse amount of vitamin A and vitamin K with folate, and vitamin C also present in decent amounts.
Harmful Pest :
Mustard leaf miner is the most serious insect-pest of mustard and responsible for causing the yield losses ranging from 35.4 to 96 per cent depending upon weather condition. HPM Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd. , one of the principle agrochemical suppliers in the country, plans to help agriculturists encountering crop hurts due to frightful atmosphere or creepy crawlies and irritations. The organization has a scope of products that oblige agriculturists scanning for better mustard production .
All products are environmentally-safe ahrochemicals designed to protect from harmful insectes, fungi and weeds that harm your crop.
The knowledge about the mustard leaf miner and their harm to the harvests and potential outcomes to control the mustard leaf miner populaces is somewhat restricted in numerous states in India. This is because of the way that agriculturists frequently don’t see them, yet additionally now and then it is the absence of experience and mastery about mustard leaf miner even inside the agronomic group. At HPM we do trainings in numerous states to build the mindfulness and learning about the mustard leaf miner and give data about the accessible arrangements. Stay tuned to take in more about how we can enable crop to flourish.