Condition Of Agriculture In India
One of the main economic issues facing India is the condition of the agriculture. Being the source of livelihood for over 55 percent Indians, agricultural sector is an important element in our economy. Still, this sector is not as evolved as it should be and faces a lot of challenges resulting in low productivity.
In India, around 43 percent of the land is used for agricultural purposes; however, contributes only 18 percent to country’s GDP. The poor state of agriculture in India is a point of concern for its entire population. The farmers in rural India suffer greatly from illiteracy and poverty; hence, there is a lack of good continuous services. To help farmers with state-of-the-art agrochemicals and offer sound farming advice, HPM India, has an array of services. They are one of the leading chemical fertilizers suppliers around the world and manufactures effective chemical to enhance agricultural produce. Clodinafop-propargyl 15% WP, also known as CLODINO SUPER in the market, is a very popular chemical used to kill harmful insects and pests that can destroy plants and crops.
Another typical challenge that farmers face in India is the over dependency on rain. Due to the poor irrigation facilities, Indian farmers are highly dependent on monsoon so during the years of no or less rainfall, agricultural production suffers a big time. In the villages and also in the suburbs, the roads and connectivity is still pretty bad which hinders proper communication to the cities and towns. Apart from these points, low agricultural produce can also be attributed to various other factors, let’s discuss some of them below:
- As per a research conducted by the World Bank, the large agricultural subsidies are one of the main reasons for lack of big investments in agricultural sector. Increased costs, uncertainty and price risks are a result of over regulation of agriculture in India. In addition to lack of proper infrastructure, government intervenes in land, labor and credit markets, this hampers the final prices and revenue.
- Lack of schools and colleges in the rural India forbids kids from formal education. Illiteracy coupled with socio-economic backwardness and lack of execution in land reforms are a few reasons why the agricultural sector is at a loss. Besides, there are not enough marketing and finance services to help farmers with distribution and promotion of the crops.
- Due to fragmentation, family disputes and Land Ceiling ACT there is very small (less than 20,000 m²) land holdings available for agriculture. This often leads to less productivity.
The Ministry of agriculture under the Indian government is taking steps (through various programs like ITC Limited Plan and Insurance Plan) to improve the condition of farmers in various regions of the country. Under the Insurance Plan, Agriculture Insurance Company of India plans to insure all farmers cultivating rice, wheat, fruit and rubber. Under this scheme, the farmers will be compensated in the event of natural calamity or disastrous crop failure, and the process will be regulated and supervised under the Ministry of Agriculture.