Freedom : Make Wheat Crop Happy
Wheat is of prime importance in the realms of food crops in the world. The total area of the world under wheat is around 212.99 million ha with grain yield of 596.20 million tons. Wheat is suspected by many weeds. Weeds are unwanted plant species growing in the wheat crops . They in simpler terms are plants that interfere with the healthy or normal growth and development of wheat crops. They are now known to limit the production of crops causing serious losses in the output of grains. There are about 30,000 species of weeds in the world, of which 50 to 200 usually cause appreciable damage to the major food crops.
Weeds do enormous damage to the wheat crop. They directly deplete the soil nutrients and moisture and compete with crop plants for light and space thus, reduce the crop yields. Indirectly, they cause damage to the crops harbouring pests and disease agents. Because their management involves costs therefore, reduction in the net returns make harvesting and threshing of crop costly and laborious and lower the quality and reducing the value of produce. It has been estimated that by weeds losses cause ranging from 10 to 40 per cent in wheat crop depending upon their intensity. The critical weed competition period in wheat is 30 to 60 days after sowing. After 60 days of sowing there is no economic benefit to eradicate weeds from wheat crop.
The major weeds prevalent in wheat fields are dicot and monocot weeds grown in Rabi season viz. Bathua (Chenopodium album), Gazari (Fumaria parviflora), Katili (Cersium arvensis), Krishnneel (Anagallis arvensis), Sengi (Melilotus alva/Meliotus indica), Chatari matari (Lathyrus aphaca), Satyanashi (Argemone maxicana) etc. Like wise monocot weeds viz., Gehusa/Gullidanda / Gehun ka mama (Phalaris minor), wild oats (Avena fatua), Piazi (Asphodelus tenuifolius) etc. impose serious problem in wheat fields. In addition to these, doob (Cynodon dectylon) is a major perennial weed. With the introduction of dwarf wheat, two most serious weeds namely Phalaris minor and wild oats which remained inconspicuous by their absence in the tall wheat have assumed serious proportions in major wheat growing areas of India. Since both Chenopodium album and Phalaris minor have growth habit and development similar to wheat, it is very difficult to distinguish them from wheat plants in the vegetative phase. Moreover, since these weeds with profuse tillering grow taller than the dwarf wheat, they cause partial shading of wheat plants.
After seeing the growing problem of weeds, HPM has produced many post emergence herbicides. HPM’s Freedom is the best answer for wheat enemies. Freedom is a selective systemic post emergence herbicide. Freedom absorbed through roots and foliage and translocat to apex of the plants. Rapid cessation of cell division and subsequent growth. It controls a wide range of grass weeds and broad leaf weeds. It is safe for neighboring broad leaved and other crops. Freedom is absorbed by foliage work better when the weeds are growing actively. For fast result Spraying early morning after dew has lifted is better than late afternoon. Do not spray if it is raining or about to rain.
Every seceond HPM thinks about farmers and their crop. HPM knows that what the farmers’ crops mean for them. At HPM, we want make agriculture better for farmers and families. LIke our previous work, In future we will do more than treat agricultural problems—we will aim to make a remarkable impact on farmer’s lives.