HITATOX : A POWERFUL INSECTICIDE
Sugarcane is one of the main cash crops of India. From its juice, sugar, gur, alcohol etc. are produced. After the extraction of the juice the fibrous mass left behind is used for making paper and sound insulating board. In villages it is also used as fuel .India has the largest area under sugarcane cultivation in the world and it is the world’s second largest producer of sugarcane next only to Brazil. The cane production registered a dramatic increase of 93 per cent in the decade 1951-61 as a result of diversification of agriculture but this spurt slackened to 14.9 per cent growth between 1960-61 and 1970-71 mainly as a result of the farmers’ withdrawal of land under cane owing to internal market fluctuations. Sugarcane accounts for the largest value of production and holds an enviable position among all the commercial crops in India. Obviously, it is the first choice of the farmers, wherever geographical conditions favour its growth.
Conditions of Growth: It is a long duration crop and requires 10 to 15 and even 18 months to mature, depending upon the geographical conditions. It requires hot and humid climate with average temperature of 21°-27°C and 75-150 cm rainfall. In the latter half, temperature above 20°C combined with open sky helps in acquiring juice and its thickening. It can grow on a variety of soils including loams, clayey loams, black cotton soils, brown or reddish loams and even laterites. In fact, sugarcane can tolerate any kind of soil that can retain moisture. But deep rich loamy soils are ideal for its growth.
Pests and Diseases: There are many types of agricultural pests. Some insects feed directly on the plants. . Other insects do damage because they can transmit plant diseases, for example whiteflies and aphids can transmit virus diseases from one plant to another. Also the harvested crop can still be attacked by insects. Every year millions of dollars are lost because of insect damage in agriculture.
Early Shoot Borer : Attacks the crop during the early part of cane growth, before internode formation. It also attacks the cane stalks in the years of scanty rainfall. Borer infestation during the germination phase kills the mother shoots resulting in the drying up of the entire clump. This leads to gaps in the field.
Top Borer : Larva first tunnels into the midrib of the leaves and causes a white streak which later turns reddish brown usually in the second to fifth leaf from the top. As a result of biting across the spindle, a number of shot holes are formed in the leaf. As larva nibbles into the central core of the cane a portion of the internal tissue is eaten resulting in dead heart formation.
Pyrilla : Pyrilla is the most destructive foliage-sucking pest of sugarcane.Heavy rainfall followed by 75-80% humidity, intermittent drought periods, high temperature (26-30°c) and wind movement favour rapid buildup of pyrilla. Other factors favouring pyrilla buildup are dense and luxuriant crop, excess nitrogen application, water logging, lodging of cane and varieties with broad and succulent leaves.
Whitefly : Waterlogging and nitrogen starvation cause severe out break of whiteflies. Summer droughts and dry spells during monsoon season also favour buildup of this pest.The nymphs of white flies suck the sap from the under surface of leaves which turn yellow and pinkish in severe cases and gradually dry up.
Red Rot : It is the most dreaded disease of sugarcane which has caused the elimination of several important sugarcane varieties from cultivation. Yellowing and drying of leaves from margin to midrib, drying of the entire top including the crown, loss of natural colour and considerable shrinkage of the stalk, appearance of reddish lesions on the rind are some of the external symptoms of red rot disease.
HPM Chemical & Fertilizers ltd. offers a variety of products to battle creepy crawlies and nuisances. HITATOX (Phorate 10 % CG) is a mainstream item to protect your crops.
Hitatox is highly effective against a wide array of insects, mites, and some nematodes. It s systemic product majority used o maize, cotton, paddy, sugarcane, potatoes, soybean & wheat.It can be incorporated into the soil by in furrow or drilling application. It gives knockdown and longer duration of pest control.It is readily translocated through roots in the plant system. It also kills insects by contact and fumigant action. It is economical to use as single application provides effective pest control