JUTE : A ‘GOLDEN FIBER’
Jute is a critical normal fiber trim in India beside cotton. In exchange and industry, jute and mesta trim together referred to as crude jute as their uses are nearly same. Crude jute assumes an essential part in the nation’s economy. Crude jute was initially considered as a wellspring of crude material for bundling businesses as it were. In any case, it has now risen as an adaptable crude material for different applications, for example, material ventures, paper enterprises, building and car businesses, use as soil saver, utilize as ornamental and outfitting materials, and so forth. Crude jute being biodegradable and every year sustainable source, it is considered as a domain neighborly yield and it helps in the support of the earth and biological adjust. Jute as a whiz fiber has some distinct natural points of interest. Its velvety lusture, high elasticity, low exhaustibility, extensive warmth protection and long staple length are the characteristics that can’t be coordinated by manufactured fiber. Advance fascination of Jute lies in its simple accessibility, unlimited amount at a relatively less expensive rate. In addition, it can without much of a stretch be mixed with other common and man-made filaments. Jute development is predominantly amassed in the eastern and north eastern India while that of Mesta development is spread nearly all through the nation.
Jute is a natural fibre that has been in versatile use for thousands of years — in making rope, twine, hessian bags, rugs etc. While it’s still being used extensively around the world, it’s not as popular as it should be especially considering its outstanding environmental benefits. It is an annually renewable resource with a high biomass production per unit of land area; and jute products being biodegradable are simply environment-friendly. Moreover, the leaves and crop waste, left out in the fields, are transformed into organic materials, thereby reducing the need for supplementary chemical fertilizers for subsequent crops. While the synthetic substitutes are being considered as the root of many problems, the natural fiber products are proven to be absolutely harmless.
Jute is a crop of humid tropical climates. It thrives well in areas with well distributed rainfall of 2,500 mm spread over vegetative growth period of the crop with no cloudiness. For better growth, a mean maximum and minimum temperature of 34oC and 15oC and a mean relative humidity of 65% are required. Temperatures below 15oC and above 43oC during growth are not suitable for jute crop. Warm and humid climate are best suited to both the species of mesta i.e. Hibiscus cannabinus and Hibiscus sabdariffa. However, a rainfall of about 125 to 150 mm per month distributed well is required during the growth period. Alternate rain and sunshine is good for better growth. Jute can be raised on all kinds of soils from clay to sandy loam, but loamy alluvial are best suited. Laterite and gravel soils are not suitable for this crop. The new grey alluvial soils of good depth, receiving silt from the annual floods are the best for jute cultivation.
Jute crop suffers from heavy pest infestation in the initial 6-8 weeks after sowing. The first pesting are combined with thinning operations at 20 and 35 DAS. The second pesting should be done 55-60 DAS. Due to continuous rains, sometimes manual weeding may not be possible. In such a situation, insecticide is promising. Carbofuran 3G may effectively control the pest. Recommended insecticide for pest control should be applied 20 days after sowing.
HPM Chemicals & fertilizers ltd , one of the fundamental agrochemical suppliers in the country, plans to help agriculturists encountering crop hurts as a result of appalling atmosphere or creepy crawlies and nuisances. The organization has a scope of items that oblige agriculturists hunting down better quality make . Don 3G (Carbofuran 3G) is a noticeable bug spray that put a conclusion to creepy crawlies and stops them.
Jute is known as ‘Golden Fibre’. It is not only valuable for economy, but also for environment. The opportunities from producing jute can have a huge positive impact on the environment. The environmental threats from producing jute can be overcome and thus turned into opportunities. Investing in jute industry can be one of the major steps towards green investment.