KHALEESI : A WAR AGAINST WEEDS
Blackgram or urdbean is of ancient cultivation in India. Although introduced in southern United states, the West Indies and other tropical areas, the crop is extensively cultivated in India. Plant is densely hairy, annual with grown – habit which varies from erect to spreading. Blackgram, occupies 3.2 million ha area and contributes 1.33 million tones to pulse production. Like greengram, it is cultivated mainly as kharif crop almost in all states and has a premier place in hill agriculture. Black gram is a hard and drought tolerant crop which can tolerate high temperature. Beside pulse, it is widely used as feed and green manure in green condition. Therefore, as a pulse crop, black gram is an important one. It is one of the important pulse crop grown throughout India. Generally it is consumed in the form of ‘Dal’. It is the chief constituent of ‘papad, idly and dosa’ . For milch cattle, it is used as nutritive fodder. It is also used as green manuring crop. It controls soil erosion and compete with weeds effectively due to its deep root system and foliage cover. It contains protein (25%), carbohydrates (60%), fat (1.3%) and rich in phosphoric acid It accounts 13 % total pulses area and 10 % total pulses production in India. It fixes atmospheric nitrogen into soil and improve the soil fertility. As the production of the crop is increasing, so the problems are increasing too. Weeds are a serious problem throughout the nation.
Weeds are one of the major threats to the agriculture. It compete with crops for one or more plant growth factors such as mineral nutrients, water, solar energy and space and they hinder crop cultivation operations. Weeds reduce farm and forest productivity, they invade crops, smother pastures and in some cases can harm livestock. They aggressively compete for water, nutrients and sunlight, resulting in reduced crop yield and poor crop quality. Goose grass(Eleusine indica) Wild finger (Dactyloctenium aegyptium), Crab grass (Digitaria sanguinalis scop.), Love grass are the most harmfull weed of the black grams.
Goose grass : Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2′ tall that is tufted at the base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Most of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. The culms are green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. The leaf blades are up to 10″ long and 8 mm. across; they are medium to dark green, mostly glabrous, keeled, and hull-shaped at their tips. The margins of leaf blades are sparsely ciliate with long crooked hairs. The leaf sheaths wrap loosely around the culms and they are somewhat flattened (elliptic in cross-section) and overlapping.
Crab grass : A crabgrass seedling resembles a small corn plant when it first appears, and many are familiar with it . It spreads quickly during the warm summer months. Between midsummer and early fall, each plant produces thousands of seeds. The leaf blades are ¼” wide or more, which is about the thickness of a pencil. In contrast lawn grass, and most grassy weeds, have a very thin blade when they sprout. The blades angle out from the stem, which continues to grow up as new blades appear.
Love grass ; lovegrass is a hardy, drought tolerant perennial grass species. It is a perennial grass that can grow from 30 cm to 120 cm tall. The stems are slender, erect and robust and are sometimes bent at the nodes. Leaf colour can vary from dark green to blue-green. The leaf blade is narrow (3 mm wide) and the margins often rolled
Gram seedlings grow slowly whereas weeds emerge fast and grow rapidly competing with the crop severally for growth resources, viz. nutrients, moisture, sunlight and space during entire vegetative and early reproductive stages of gram . Further, wide space provided to the black gram allows fast growth of variety of weed species causing a considerable reduction in yield by affecting the growth and yield components. Presence of weeds reduces the photosynthetic efficiency, dry matter production and its distribution to economical parts and there by reduces sink capacity of crop resulting in poor grain yield.
HPM Chemical & Fertilizers is one such agriculture company helping farmers worldwide for providing the best solutions for better farming. We are also the Quizalofop ethyl 5% EC manufacturers in India. The company also involved in supply and export of Quizalofop ethyl 5% EC worldwide. We are offering many herbicides that can give the greening effect to the crop and kill the weeds and stop their regrowth. The company has brought a new product to make black gram farming better, which is a Herbicide. The company’s product KHALEESI is becoming very popular among farmers. It is a selective post-emergence systemic herbicide for in all seasons. Khaleesi is an unique product containing Quizalofop ethyl 5% EC and has broad spectrum action .
Let us take a look at the specifications of Quizalofop ethyl 5% EC ( KHALEESI )
1 It is a selective post-emergence systemic herbicide.
2 It is used to control narrow leaf weeds and grassy weeds in soybean, black gram, onion, cotton and groundnut crops.
3 Khaleesi is suggestive to spray at 20-25 days after sowing with the help of knapsack sprayer using float fan nozzle..
4 Khaleesi is absorbed & translocated very rapidly by the weeds and eradicate the weeds. The affected weeds are unable to rejuvenate.
5 Quick absorbing property of Khaleesi provides rain fastness for even one hour of spray.
6 The affected weeds become purple/red in 4-7 days after application and dies totally in 10-15 days.
KHALEESI is a prominent herbicide that put a conclusion to weeds and stops their regrowth.