Necessity Of Horticulture
India is the home for many horticultural crops of commercial importance. Horticulture has improved economic status of farmers, seasonal availability of fruits and vegetables throughout the year increased per capita consumption from 40 to 85 grams of fruits and 95 to 175 grams of vegetables. It has also played a significant role in women endowment, providing employment opportunities to them in mushroom cultivation, floriculture, vegetable seed production etc. The annual growth rate during the period was more than 6.5 percent. Thus the horticulture sector constitutes more than 24.5 percent from mere 8.5 percent of area to the gross domestic product of agriculture. India is blessed with various types of soils and varied agro-climatic conditions as a result of which the country has the advantages of growing a variety of horticultural crops in particular and other crops in general. Horticulture includes a wide range of crops namely, fruits, vegetables, tuber crops, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants, mushroom, plantation crops, spices etc. These are grown in varied agroclimatic conditions of temperate, sub tropical and arid zones.
Besides, their value in human consumption, horticultural crops play an important role in commerce, particularly in export trade and processing industry. Horticulture is now regarded as the largest subsector of agriculture producing high quality traditional and exotic fruits and vegetables. Employment opportunities provided by this sector to the farm population engaged in production, transportation, processing and marketing operations in addition to the entrepreneurs seeking self employment. With fruit production at 47.5 million tonnes , India accounted for about 10 per cent of the global production of fruits from an area of 4 0 million hectares and was the second largest producer of fruits in the world.
Benefits of horticulture : Moreover, Indians are basically vegetarians, and to meet their nutritional requirement in terms of vitamins and minerals horticulture crops are to be grown in sufficient quantities to provide a bare minimum of 85 g of fruits and 200 g of vegetables per head per day with a population of above 120 crores. Continued increase in demand for horticultural produce provides tremendous scope for the growth of this industry. Good land is under pressure for stable food, industry, housing, roads and infrastructure due to population explosion and only wasteland had to be efficiently utilized where cultivation of annuals is a gamble due to restricted root zone and their susceptibility of abiotic stress. These lands can be best utilized to cultivate hardy horticultural crops like fruits and medicinal plants. At present our share in international trade of horticultural commodities is less than one per cent of total trade. Moreover, these commodities (spices, coffee, tea) fetch 10-20 times more foreign exchange per unit weight than cereals and therefore, taking advantage of globalization of trade, nearness of big market and the size of production, our country should greatly involve in international trade which would provide scope for growth.
HPM Chemicals & Fertilizers plays a vital role in the horticulture business. HPM is the India’s number 1 in agrochemical industry with more then 200 products on the market. We are manufacturing best agrochemical products for decades, and we remain committed to finding new ways to tackle the for the horticulture business. Our wide range of products includes Insecticides, Herbicide, Fungicide PGR, Adjuvant & Bio fertilizers. These products are highly effective due to their accurate composition, efficient performance and high durability. All our products are manufactured from the quality tested material. All our agrochemicals are formulated using the quality ingredients and does not cause any harmful effects on the horticulture business.