Overview On Chrysanthemum Cultivation
Chrysanthemum is an important ornamental crop mainly grown for the production of cut flowers, loose flowers, and pot plants. In India, the commercial cultivation of Chrysanthemum is done because of its good demand. Flowers are mainly used for as cut flowers for party arrangements, religious offerings, and garland making. It is an herbaceous perennial plant that attains a height of 50-150cm. Chrysanthemum farming is commercially done in Maharashtra.
There are thousands of varieties of chrysanthemums. All differ in size, colors, and the number of flowers per stem. But the most famous in Maharashtra is ( Reagan White )This variety starts flowering after 103 days. The plant is 45cm tall. It has white color flowers having a diameter of 8.43cm. It gives 54flowers/plant. For this variety, the soil should be Well drained red loamy with a pH of 6 to 7. In Maharashtra, it is also known as (shevanti). Basically, Shevanti plant is a short-day plant, in other words,
it requires long days for vegetative growth and short days for flowering. Light and temperature are the main factors that influence the growth of the plants and flowering. For its vegetative growth, it requires a long day with bright sunlight and high temperature ranging from 20 °C to 28 °C. For bud formation and flowering it requires a short day and low temperature ranging from 10 °C to 28 °C. This crop requires the relative humidity of 75% to 90% which suitable for proper plant growth.
As all, we know that chrysanthemum is the 2nd most demanding cut flower after rose. This flowering crop also suspected by many pests and fungus. Aphids, mites, thrips, leaf miners, leaf folder, root rot, leaf spot, wilt, rust, powdery mildew, chrysanthemum stunt, and chrysanthemum mosaic disease are some common pests and diseases found in chrysanthemum cultivation. For control measures of these pests and diseases, HPM presents a wide range of agrochemicals. These agro-solutions are manufactured with highly innovative methods. These products provide complete protection from every type of pest and disease. Using these agro-solutions farmers can get a more potent and prosperous chrysanthemum crop.