Significance of Fungicide in agriculture
What does Fungicide mean ?? :
A fungicide is a substance, often a chemical, that is used to kill fungi, fungal spores, and fungal infections. There are both natural fungicides and synthetic fungicides available. In general, commercial fungicides, which are usually synthetic, are commonly used in horticulture in order to kill fungal pathogens that have infected plants. Fungal pathogens are the No. 1 cause of crop loss around the world and can cause serious damage in agriculture, resulting in critical losses of yield, quality, and profit in both plants and animals.
How fungus effects on agriculture:
Fungi are eukaryotic (membrane bound nucleus) organisms that develop from reproductive bodies called spores. They can cause a number of diseases in plants. As a disease of plants , fungi are a risk for Indian primary producers as they impact upon market access and agricultural production. These are incited by different agents — bacteria, viruses, cell-worms and fungi; of these the fungi cause the most severe losses. They destroy field crops, forage crops, fruit and nut crops, vegetable crops, drug plant crops and ornamental crops. Fungi infect many economically important plants and minimize the yield of food grains considerably. In 1945 late blight of potato (caused by Phytophthora infestans) destroyed millions of acres of potato crop and caused famine in Ireland, it resulted in the death of about a million people and almost the same number of people migrated to other continents. Similarly, the 1942 Bengal famine which resulted in the death of two million people was due to destruction of rice crop by brown leaf spot disease caused by Helminthosporium oryzae.
Types of fungus:
The physical form, fungicides are of two general types, liquid and dry, or dust. Liquid fungicides have been used almost entirely since the introduction of bordeaux mixture about 1883. Several attempts to introduce copper fungicides in dust form have failed. Recently, with the development of sulphur fungicides, very successful and promising results have been obtained in the application of dry, finely divided sulphur.
Role of fungicide in Agriculture:
Fungicides are usually used to control bacterial and fungal diseases of fruit, vegetable, nut and field crops. Some of the diseases that are controlled by using fungicides are mildew, leaf
spots, blights and apple scab. Fungicides are the last line of defence in the armoury of an integrated disease management (IDM) approach. They do not create yield, but protect an inherent yield potential that the grower may realize in the absence of disease. In the field, securing effective disease control from fungicide applications is dependent upon the disease pressure and the effectiveness of the fungicide to control that disease. Globally, the same fungicide active ingredients are used against a similar range of fungal pathogens.
Our fungicides are highly effective specially against powdery mildew in cherries, grapes, hops, lettuce, melons, peppers and strawberries. They are just excellent crop safety profile and does not disturb any biological control agent such as predatory mites.
Why HPM’s RECENT (Tebuconazole 2% DS) is usefull for Wheat crop:
RECENT (Tebuconazole 2% DS) controls seed born diseases in Wheat. It is used for commercial application and on-farm treatment with conventional seed-treating equipment. Recent being effective at very low dose is very economical. The active ingredient in recent is used only where it is needed i.e. on the seed grains thus lowering the toxicity burden on the environment. It is highly effective against loose smut and flag smut of wheat. It can also be mixed with other seed treatment products. Any small quantity of seed can be readily treated by mixing the proper amount of Recent 2 DS and seed in a closed container. Roll the seed until each grain is uniformly coated with the fungicide.
Every good thing has a bad face too.. so is the case with fungicides. They have a myriad use but some harms too… but that is inevitable but hpm India provides you the fungicides with greatest balance of good over harm keeping in mind the utilitarian approach