TARGET PLUS (Sulfosulfuron 75% + Metsulfuron methyl 5% WG)
Wheat is grown on 13 percent of the cropped area of India. Next to rice, wheat is the most important food-grain of India and is the staple food of millions of Indians, particularly in the northern and north-western parts of the country. It is rich in proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates and provides balanced food. India is the fourth largest producer of wheat in the world after Russia, the USA and China and accounts for 8.7% of the world’s total production of wheat.
Soils with a clay loam or loam texture, good structure and moderate water holding capacity are ideal for wheat cultivation. Heavy soil with good drainage is suitable for wheat cultivation under dry conditions.
LAND PREPARATION :
After harvest of previous crop, the field should be ploughed with disc or mould board plough. Field is usually prepared by giving one deep plough with iron plough followed by two or three times local plough and planking. Carried out plough in evening time and kept furrow open whole night to absorb some moisture from dew. Planking should be done after each plough early in the morning.
1 TIME OF SOWING :
Wheat must be sown at the optimum time. Delayed sowing causes a gradual decline in the yield of wheat. The time of sowing is 25 October – November.
2 SPACING :
For normal sown crop a spacing of 20 – 22.5 cm between rows is recommended. When sowing is delayed a closer spacing of 15-18 cm should be adopted.
3 SOWING DEPTH :
The sowing depth should be 4-5 cm.
4 METHOD OF SOWING :
1. Seed drill
2. Broadcasting method
3. Zero tillage drill
HARMFUL WEEDS :
1 Phalaris minor (gehunsa) major weed of the wheat fields :
Among monocot weeds Phalaris minor (gehunsa) is the major weed in most of the wheat fields. In certain localities, the intensity of this weed is so high that it has become rather impossible to grow wheat crops. This weed belongs to family gramineae. On an average, each plant of this weed produces 10000 to 30000 seeds. It merges with the germination of wheat and resembles wheat seedlings to a large extent. Therefore, it is very difficult to recognize this weed in its initial stage.
2 BROADLEAF WEEDS :
Wild buckwheat (Polygonum convolvulus) is easily confused with field bindweed, but wild buckwheat is a summer annual. Most common in cool climates, wild buckwheat seeds sprout in late spring, and the plants quickly twine up their closest upright neighbor. Tiny greenish white flowers quickly produce seeds. Pull young plants, or cultivate with a sharp hoe.
HPM’s Herbicides :
Target Plus is a selective post-emergence herbicide. It is used for the effective control of phalaris minor and broad leaf weed in Wheat crop. It is used when weed plant are at 2-4 leaf stages or normally 30-35 days after sowing of Wheat. It should be applied uniformly as liquid spray from knapsack sprayer equipped with flat fan nozzle. It is recommended for use only in Wheat rice/cotton rotational area. Dicot crops like mustard pulses etc should not be grown as intercrop in Wheat. It is recommended to used Target Plus at 16 gm/acre on Wheat.