Prakriti – The Nature n Productivity and Good Agricultural Practices
GAP- Reconnecting Prakriti with Agriculture
Since evolution of mankind, Environment had been a major driving force towards survival. However, environmental concern was only recently realized and has lately been the major matter for all discussions, nationally and globally.
With increase in population grew the need for increase in production, additional to what Prakriti (Nature) had provided. To achieve higher levels of growth and income, man has played havoc with Prakriti’s balance. Agriculture happened to be the first sector affected by this development along with the realization of man’s entrepreneurial skills.
Early man had been a food-gatherer, completely reliant on Prakriti’s bounty. To cater to the growing population pressure, man used his inventiveness and began to produce food by clearing patches of forestland. A substantial increase in this practice later led to soil degradation and soil erosion.
The lack of proper techniques necessitated shifting to new and easily available lands rather than using areas already cultivated. This exploitation led to large-scale disequilibria in the environment. Prakriti retaliated by creating agricultural instability by way of reduced water supply, increased floods, spreading crop diseases, etc., resulting in high cost of production.
Time for Nature Care
Environment is priceless with plenty of natural resources that are non-renewable. For the purpose of protection and conservation of the environment, sustainable growth and development, are the need of the hour.
The very existence of the human race can stand vulnerable to natural disasters, if environmental damage happens to go beyond limit. It’s time to adopt the appropriate measures to combat the environmental threats and prevent further disasters.
Though, environmental hazards are mostly supposed to be of industrial origin, yet agriculture’s part of responsibility towards ecological damage cannot be ignored. New agricultural technologies and over usage of inorganic inputs have had an adverse ecological effect. In the process of enabling agricultural development, it should be ensured that, while strengthening the present, the future doesn’t get mortgaged. Proper awareness and widespread education on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) can make a difference in this prospect.
Balance of Technology and Environment
Extensive R&D and responsible approach in manufacturing and using of agri-input should be formulated to maintain both agri-development and environmental balance. With development of agricultural technologies on the go, sustainability needs added attention. The factors below proceeds towards an environment friendly agricultural progress:
- Appropriate Agri-Input Mix
In spite of the adversities involved, the incredible benefits of agri-inputs cannot be ignored. So, the need of the hour is that seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and agricultural implements need to be combined in a way that meets the present challenges, thereby ensuring future stability.
- Appropriate Cropping Pattern
Appropriate policy measures like GAP should be widely implemented. Policy makers should provide with desired direction to efforts, for maintaining environmental balance along with techniques used for high yields.
- Water-Resource Management
Provisions should be made to dig community wells in place of individual wells, with water made available on a need-based basis at logical prices. Implementation of Rainwater harvesting can also be a smart move as it is virtually a free resource, but known for supplying ample.
Upgrading environment, calls for implementing thorough plantation program on top priority. The selection of these plants should be done on the basis of quick growth and in terms of their impacts on agricultural development and environment. Furthermore, deforestation should be strictly checked.
GAP Driven Agriculture Promoting Environmental Equilibrium Along with Increase in Production
The environmental equilibrium in modern agricultural program can be brought into being by extensively following the GAPs in farming procedures. GAPs or Good Agricultural Practices are the basic environmental and operational conditions that facilitate production of safe, wholesome fruits and vegetables.
Its purpose is to provide logical guidance to bring into use the best management practices that will help in reducing risks of microbial contamination in crops, fruits and vegetables. GAPs include worker health and hygiene, use of manure, agri-inputs and water quality all through the course of production and harvesting.
United States stands tops in supplying safest food in the world. With recent media attention and outbreaks on foodborne disease and ecological disorders, Good Agricultural Practices are now implemented and treated with immense importance.
Globally, farmers, packers and shippers are insisted to take a proactive role in reducing food safety risks potentially allied with fresh produce. Being responsive and reacting towards the common risk factors as GAP outlines has a positive impact. It results in a more effective, unified response to critical concerns regarding the microbial safety of fresh fruits, vegetables and crops.
Additionally, operators should take initiative in spreading awareness and encourage adoption of safe practices by their partners across the food chain from farm-to-family. This can constitute in involving distributors, retailers, exporters, produce transporters, importers, food service operators and consumers. It’s a common responsibility to uphold natural balance of Prakriti along with agriculture heading to prosperity.
The absolute mantra should be more sustainable agricultural growth and equitable development without environment being at risk.