Role of Women in Agriculture
Women play a vital role in Indian Agriculture as well as Indian economy. Gradually, their significance in agricultural development is realized with their involvement in the field of agriculture, food security…
Women play a vital role in Indian Agriculture as well as Indian economy. Gradually, their significance in agricultural development is realized with – their involvement in the field of agriculture, food security, and other allied sectors. Not much before, despite women’s extensive and varied participation in agriculture, their access to modern agricultural inputs was much limited compared to men. Unfortunately, their role was less highlighted and even considered as invisible workers in several aspects. Women cultivators, right through had been typically and incorrectly considered as economically inactive and that they were just supportive factors.
In spite of labor intensive high women participation, the yields in economic returns were insufficient. This work pattern had been realized across the nation and was especially observed among women heading farm households with absent spouses. For that reason and more, efforts were made to evaluate women’s contribution in agriculture. As a progressive approach in this direction, several programs have been started at the National Centre for Women in Agriculture and Krishi Vigyan Kendras.
According to analyses, the chief farm operations that farm women mainly perform were:
- Cleaning of grains
- Drying of grains
- Winnowing and more.
It’s also observed that the participation of farm women in agriculture gets greatly affected by socio-economic variables i.e., age, family income, land holding.
Nonetheless, the associated programs are considering several solutions to bring noteworthy changes that drive towards women empowerment in fields of agriculture. With primitive farming taking a backseat, today new farming techniques are helping farm women shape their own grounds in the fields. Gradually, Women’s contribution is being widely accepted on grounds of both quality work and productivity. Innovative tools and contemporary farming ideas have now paved ways for women to flourish as successful agriculturists and lead the farming community.
It is also significantly observed, women’s caring instinct allows her to do well in fields, at par with men. The fact of the statement lays in Women’s natural drive for upholding their family’s health and food. A lot of women had chosen farming to raise food for their families that is both healthy and chemical-free. Besides this, women’s power of perseverance to face vulnerabilities constitute towards women’s success in agri-industry. Surveys claim, with women actively participating in agriculture and leading the process, complete system of healthcare and food production in India will change for the better.
As a step towards combatting the global food-security challenges, a progressive approach is increasingly being implemented worldwide. It insists on recognizing women farmers, valuing their knowledge, experience, and priorities, and encouraging their ability to bring a revolution in agriculture.